Russian Scientists Discover the Unique Ductile Properties of Aluminum

Report Post

During experiments on high-performance  Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing (WAAM) researchers from Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) produced metal with unique ductility. The ductility is three times higher than specified in the standard. The research results were published in a prestigious journal – “Materials & Design”.

The increase of WAAM productivity led to the discovery of the unique properties of aluminum. Elongation of specimens during tensile tests of produced metal increased from 12 to 41% compared to its standard properties for the same chemical composition. It means that the material will be able to perform longer with the same loading conditions. The developed WAAM technology with higher process rates helps to achieve better material performance.

“In fact, this discovery can change the way of the components design, since now we are able to print a high-scale metal objects with triple loading capacity. Mechanical properties of the metal are always considered with a margin, in our case this margin is several times higher than the specified in the standard. This technology could be interesting for many industries, for example for the Aerospace sector where we have a partner – S7 R&D Center. The manufactured material will be able to withstand deformations caused by load in Space for a longer time, ” said Oleg Panchenko, Head of the Laboratory of Lightweight Materials and Structures SPbPU.

The solidification rate increase of metal has led to an improvement in the ductile properties of aluminium. It was achieved by an increase of build rate up to 2.2 kg/h. Due to the lack of special equipment for 3D printing (WAAM) in the market initially, the utilitarian goal of the research was to increase productivity.
In the future, the researchers plan to increase the solidification rate even more.

“This will help to trace the dependence of material properties on additive manufacturing build rate. We have discovered a way to achieve unique properties and we are willing to move this border of knowledge further”, says Oleg Panchenko.

The scientists also plan on studying properties of the produced material under cyclic (fatigue) loading since the published study was based on the analysis performed for static loading. Researchers plan to test the hypothesis that materials with increased ductility show better fatigue performance.